Acid reflux(acid regurgitation) is one of the normal condition of the human body in which acid flows into the stomach backward up the esophagus. There are several symptom of this condition, including burning feeling in our chest, having the sour or taste in our mouth. You may find that these types of symptom can stay very small time after any meal, it lasts just a few minutes, sometimes hours, after that go away. Acid reflux, which generally occurs more than 2 times in a week known as gastro esophageal reflux disease or GERD. Theis type of Acid reflux is one of the serious condition, so that if it left untreated, it may lead various types of problem like precancerous condition called Barrett’s esophagus, inflammation of the esophagus etc. GERD can likewise compound asthma, chronic cough, pulmonary fibrosis, and insomnia. A hiatal (or break) hernia is one cause that can add to, an anatomical irregularity that permits the upper piece of the stomach to enter the midsection hole, by giving it a chance to push up through the stomach – this occasionally prompts GERD. In this article we show you the causes, symptoms and home remedies for heartburn and acid reflux have a look!
Table of Contents
Causes of Acid Reflux:
There various types of reasoning by which Acid reflux may occur, when a ring of muscle, situated at the bottom of the esophagus known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) doesn’t work perfectly. Basically, the LES helps to keep the contents in the stomach and also keep the backflow of acid through by tightening up after swallowing. Yet, in individuals with this condition, the LES gets to be weak and unwinds; permitting acid and stomach substance to stream move down the throat.
Though it’s still undecided that exactly what are reason behind LES, there are several factors by which Acid reflux may occur.
- Obesity (extra pounds can put pressure on the LES)
- Hiatal hernia, a condition in which the top of your stomach protrudes above the diaphragm muscle in your chest
- Excessive Alcohol or caffeine consumption
- Taking large meals
- Eating just before bedtime
- Medications like antihistamines, calcium channel blockers, theophylline, and nitrates
- Fatty, fried, and spicy foods; tomato-based foods; citrus fruits; chocolate; mint; garlic; and onions
Signs and Symptoms of Acid Reflux:
Acid Reflux, no matter it is harmful or harmless, all most all people experience it at some point of their life generally produced by similar symptom.
Heartburn is one of the discomfort condition which is happing in the esophagus and also felt just behind our breastbone region, after some time, it becomes the form of a burning sensation. Not only that, it has the tendency to turn into more worsen form when suffer bend down or lies down. This type of condition can stay several hours and become worse after taking any type of food. The stomach fluid can move toward the neck and the throat. The stomach liquid could reach the back of the throat for some, creating a sharp or acrid taste. We all experience acid reflux once in a while, because of basic heartburn, however, in the event that this is perseveringly visit – two or more times each week – it is termed gastro esophageal reflux illness, or GERD for short.
How is Acid Reflux Diagnosed?
Acid reflux, which may occur more than 2 times in a week, must be evaluated by the specialist, particularly, if you want to take any antacids or OTC for over two weeks.
To evaluate the Acid reflux, test must be suggested by the doctor, which is called an upper GI series. Basically, this is an examination, in which, the patients have to drink some special type of drink called liquid barium. After taking this liquid, our upper digestive tract will be highlighted. As the liquid flows down into the stomach, then the specialist takes the X-ray picture. The specialist might also suggest an endoscopic examination. In an endoscopic technique, the specialist passes a little, adaptable tube with a modest camera at the tip into the mouth and throat while the patient is quieted. The camera permits the specialist to view any irregularities in the throat.
Home Remedies for Heartburn and Acid Reflux:
1. Butter Milk: Drink plain buttermilk 3 to 4 times a day until you get relief.
For Best Results: Mix black pepper or ground coriander leaves in a plain buttermilk.
Note: Butter milk must be a homemade one not a packaged one.
2. Chia Seeds: Chia seed contains nutrients that promote good health, including protein, fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, magnesium and selenium.
One ounce of chia seeds= 136 cal, 9 gms of fat, 12 gms of carbs, 10 gms of fiber and 5 gms of protein.
Also: One ounce =More than 10 % of the daily intake of iron, selenium & magnesium.
How to do: Take a spoonful(small amount) of chia seeds mixed with water or your favorite food twice daily as a dose to relieve heartburn or acid reflux or GERD.
Warning: If you have blood pressure, please avoid this remedy.
3. Chewing Fennel Seeds: Chewing 1/2 tb spoon of fennel seeds after meals suppresses stomach spasms and reduces symptoms of acid reflux.
4. Baking Soda: If you have a severe heart burn Mix 1/2 tb spoon of baking soda and one glass of water. Baking Soda neutralizes the gastric acid accumulation in your gut.
[ Read: How to Use Baking Soda for Heartburn ]
5. Mustard: Mustard is an alkalizing food. It balances pH levels in our body. It neutralizes the stomach acid.
How to do: Take 1 Teaspoon of yellow mustard directly.You will get instant results.
Treatment and Prevention of Acid Reflux:
The main treatment alternatives for those individuals who constantly experience the acid reflux in a class of medications called as proton-pump inhibitors. Proton-pump inhibitors can reduce the destruction caused by acid reflux which can decrease the level of acidity of the stomach’s secretions through the blocking several acid production.
Normal specialists generally prescribe lifestyle changes and OTC pharmaceuticals as the first line of treatment for indigestion. In the event that side effects aren’t mitigated, the patient may be recommended drug. The specialist will likewise consider the solutions the patient as of now takes and examine different options for those that may trigger reflux.
- Stop smoking
- Avoid foods and beverages that trigger or worsen symptoms
- Eat small, frequent meals
- Don’t lie down within three hours after eating
- Lose weight if necessary
- Avoid wearing tight clothing, especially around your midsection
These are the basically OTC drugs, including Maalox, Alka-Seltzer, Rolaids, Mylanta, Tums utilize different combinations of magnesium, aluminum, hydroxide, calcium, and bicarbonate ions to assist normalize the stomach acid and then temporarily make a relief. Relying on the ingredients, they might also lead diarrhea or constipation.
H2 Blockers are such type of medication which is available on both by prescription and OTC, these medications like Pepcid, Tagamet, Zantac, Axid offer short-term relief of GERD by stopping the production of stomach acid.
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs):
Accessible by prescription, PPIs (Prilosec, Prevacid, Protonix, Nexium) square stomach acid creation more successfully than H2 blockers. But they can bring about “bounce back” reflux: If the patient uses them, then quits taking them, the stomach acid may return more awful than some time recently.
For individuals who experience acid reflux or heartburn occasionally, maybe in relationship with infrequent nourishment and beverage triggers, medicines to lessen the causticity of the stomach substance are accessible without medicine from drug stores (over-the-counter products).
These fluid and tablet formulations are called stomach settling agents and there are many brands accessible, all with comparable adequacy. They may not work for everybody, and any requirement for normal utilization ought to be examined with a specialist.
- How to Use Mustard For Heartburn
- How to Use Baking Soda for Acid Reflux
- How to Use Baking Soda to Treat Indigestion